Bowel components

Dow Jones Industrial Average Closing Stock Report”:

  • From proximal to distal:
  • Duodenum
  • Jejunum
  • Ileum
  • Appendix
  • Colon
  • Sigmoid
  • Rectum
  • Alternatively: to include the cecum, “Dow Jones Industrial Climbing Average Closing Stock Report”.


Bowel components

Dublin Sisters Ceramic Red Colored Jewelry Apparently Illegal”:

2-4 letters of each component:

  • Duodenum
  • Sigmoid
  • Cecum
  • Rectum
  • Colon
  • Jejunum
  • Appendix
  • Ileum

Duodenum: lengths of parts

“Counting 1 to 4 but staggered”:

  • 1st part: 2 inches
  • 2nd part: 3 inches
  • 3rd part: 4 inches
  • 4th part: 1 inch

Diaphragm apertures

3 holes, each with 3 things going through it”:

Aortic hiatus: aorta, thoracic duct, azygous vein.

Esophageal hiatus: esophagus, vagal trunks, left gastric vessels.

Caval foramen: inferior vena cava, right phrenic nerve, lymph nodes.

Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels

  • Aortic hiatus = 12 letters = T12
  • Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
  • Vena cava = 8 letters = T8


Diaphram aperatures: spinal levels

Come Enter the Abdomen:

  • Vena Cava [8]
  • Esophagus [10]
  • Aorta [12]

Liver inferior markings showing right/left lobe vs. vascular divisions

There’s a Hepatic “H” on inferior of liver. One vertical stick of the H is the dividing line for anatomical right/left lobe and the other vertical stick is the divider for vascular halves. Stick that divides the liver into vascular halves is the one with vena cava impression (since vena cava carries blood, it’s fortunate that it’s the divider for blood halves).

Liver: side with ligamentum venosum/ caudate lobe vs. side with quadrate lobe/ ligamentum teres

VC goes with VC“:

The Venosum and Caudate is on same side as Vena Cava [posterior]. Therefore, quadrate and teres must be on

anterior by default.

Meckel’s diverticulum details

  • 2 inches long.
  • 2 feet from end of ileum.
  • 2 times more common in men.
  • 2% occurrence in population.
  • 2 types of tissues may be present.

Note: “di-” means “two“, so diverticulum is the thing with all the twos.

Murphy’s point organ [for Irish]

“Murphy was an Irishman (and Murphy is a classic Irish surname), and Ireland=green”:

Green organ in body is gallbladder, so Murphy’s point is the gall bladder.

L4 landmark: 2 items

B4U” [before you]:

  • Bifurcation of aorta
  • L4
  • Umbilicus

Femoral hernia: epidemiology

FEMoral hernias are more common in FEMales.

Femoral triangle: boundaries

So IMay Always Love Sally”:

  • Superiorly: Inguinal ligament
  • Medially: Adductor longus
  • Laterally: Sartorius


Femoral triangle: arrangement of contents


From lateral hip towards medial navel:

  • Nerve (directly behind sheath)
  • Artery (within sheath)
  • Vein (within sheath)
  • Empty space (between vein and lymph)
  • Lymphatics (with deep inguinal node)

Nerve/Artery/Vein are all called Femoral.

Femoral triangle: arrangement of nerve, artery, vein


From medial to lateral:

  • Vein
  • Artery
  • Nerve

Nerve/Artery/Vein are all called Femoral.

Femoral triangle: contents


In order from lateral to medial:

  • Nerve
  • Artery
  • Vein
  • Y of the groin

Alternatively: Y = Y-fronts [male underwear].

Inguinal canal: walls

MALT: 2M, 2A, 2L, 2T“:

Starting from superior, moving around in order to posterior:

  • Superior wall (roof): 2 Muscles:
  • internal oblique Muscle
  • transverse abdominus Muscle
  • Anterior wall: 2 Aponeuroses:
  • Aponeurosis of external oblique
  • Aponeurosis of internal oblique
  • Lower wall (floor): 2 Ligaments:
  • inguinal Ligament
  • lacunar Ligament
  • Posterior wall: 2Ts:
  • Transversalis fascia
  • conjoint Tendon

Leino- definition

Leino” rhymes with “spleen-o“:

Therefore leino- means something to do with the spleen.

Spleen: dimensions, weight, surface anatomy


Spleen dimensions are 1 inch x 3 inches x 5 inches.

Weight is 7 ounces.

It underlies ribs 9 through 11.

Obturator canal: relations of structures

“Who’s flying in the top of Obturator canal? Obviously Not A Vein!”:

  • Obturator
  • Nerve
  • Artery
  • Vein

Retroperitoneal organs (major)

AC/DC Rocker Kids Party Down”:

  • Ascending Colon
  • Descending Colon
  • Rectum
  • Kidneys
  • Pancreas
  • Duodenum

Retroperitoneal structures list


  • Suprarenal glands
  • Aorta & IVC
  • Duodenum (half)
  • Pancreas
  • Ureters
  • Colon (ascending & descending)
  • Kidneys
  • Esophagus (anterior & left covered)
  • Rectum

Kidney hilums at transpyloric plane [L1]

L-1 goes through hilum of only 1 kidney, and it’s the Left one.

Perineal vs. peroneal

Perineal is in between the legs.

Peroneal is on the leg.


Broad ligament: contents


  • Bundle (ovarian neurovascular bundle)
  • Round ligament
  • Ovarian ligament
  • Artefacts (vestigial structures)
  • Duct (oviduct)

Scrotum layers

Some Damn Englishman Called It The Testis“:

From superficial to deep:

  • Skin
  • Dartos
  • External spermatic fascia
  • Cremaster
  • Internal spermatic fascia
  • Tunica vaginalis
  • Testis

Scrotum layers

Some Days Eddie Can Irritate People Very Thourougly”:

  • Skin
  • Dartos layer
  • External spermatic fascia
  • Cremaster muscle
  • Internal spermatic fascia
  • Parietal tunica vaginalis
  • Visceral tunica vaginalis
  • Tunica albuginea

Sperm pathway through male reproductive tract


  • Seminiferous tubules
  • Epididymis
  • Vas deferens
  • Ejaculatory duct
  • Nothing
  • Urethra
  • Penis

Sperm pathway through male reproductive tract


Sperm duct system progression, from smallest to largest:

  • ST: Seminiferous Tubules
  • RT: Rete Testes
  • DE: Ductus Efferentes
  • EP: Epididymis
  • VD: Vas Deferens

Sperm: path through male reproductive system

“My boyfriend’s name is STEVE“:

  • Seminiferous Tubules
  • Epididymis
  • Vas deferens
  • Ejaculatory duct

Spermatic cord contents

3 arteries, 3 nerves, 3 other things”:

  • 3 arteries: testicular, ductus deferens, cremasteric.
  • 3 nerves: genital branch of the genitofemoral, cremasteric, autonomics.
  • 3 other things: ductus deferens, pampiniform plexus, lymphatics.

Note some argument about this: Moore doesn’t put in cremasteric nerve, Lumley puts in inguinal…

Spermatic cord contents

Piles Don’t Contribute To A Good Sex Life”:

  • Pampiniform plexus
  • Ductus deferens
  • Cremasteric artery
  • Testicular artery
  • Artery of the ductus deferens
  • Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
  • Sympathetic nerve fibers
  • Lymphatic vessels


 You can suggest more mnemonics …

Warm regards,

Dr. Indrajit Rana


One response to “General

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: